Halloween, celebrated every year on October 31st, has become a secular holiday today, despite having primarily Pagan and later Christian roots. It is a holiday where children, dressed in scary costumes, go around the door and collect candy and pocket money. Masquerade balls, pumpkin lantern carving, horror movie sessions, and trips to homes believed to be haunted.
Halloween takes place in North America and the British Isles in the area. This somewhat large and magnificent festival, Halloween celebrations, is becoming widespread in other Western countries in Europe and Oceania, as well as in Japan and Latin America, with the influence of American development.
A garden decorated with a horror theme on the occasion of Halloween
Halloween has its origins in the Samhain Festival celebrated by pagan Celts in ancient Britain. The Celts considered November 1 the end of summer and the beginning of winter. The origin of the word samhain is based on the Old Irish words sam (summer) and fuin (last), when the herds were returning from the highlands, and the land lease agreements between landlords and farmers were renewed.
The end of summer was also a divine period in the Celts where marriages took place and the dead were blessed. On this day, it was believed that the souls of the dead visit the homes where they lived in the past. Great fires were lit on the hills to kindle the hearths in the houses and at the same time keep the evil spirits away. People wore masks and costumes in order not to be recognized by the spirits they believed wandered around. Because of these traditions, the Samhain festival gradually became identified with witches, goblins, fairies, and demons. When the Romans conquered the Celtic lands in the 1st century, their death festival, Feralia, and their harvest festival, Pomona, combined with Samhain.
In the 7th century, Pope IV. Boniface has moved Saints’ Day, celebrated on May 13, to November 1, possibly to replace the pagan festival. On the eve of All Saints’ Day, October 31 is considered sacred, and this is where the name Halloween in Western languages. In the late Middle Ages, secular celebrations fused with the Christian holiday. During the Reformation movements in Europe, especially among Protestant Christians, the Halloween celebrations were almost over; In Britain, however, it continued to be celebrated as a secular holiday.
In the first colonies to settle in America – like many holidays – Halloween was also banned. However, in the 1800s, a harvest festival with items from Halloween began to be celebrated. In the 19th century, a large number of immigrants from Britain, especially the Irish, brought Halloween costumes with them, and over time Halloween became one of the main children’s holidays in the United States.